However, Abu Sa'id's hopes of restoring the empire to its former extent at the time of Timur ultimately failed after he was killed during an invasion of what is now western Iran. The latter agreed and their combined forces defeated Abdullah in June 1451. However, these losses eventually pushed his grandson Babur to begin his conquests in the Indian subcontinent, leading to the foundation of the Mughal Empire.[22][43][44]. The latter had previously captured Gorgan from a Qara Qoyunlu chief when Jahan Shah had withdrawn from the region. Abu Sa'id Mirza was born in 1424, the second son of the Timurid prince Muhammad Mirza by his wife Shah Islam. He was the son of Abu Kalijar. Sultan-Ahmad Mirza His birth and lineage. Barakah means: multiplication, felicity and abundance; as Taj al-Arous clarifies. Abu Sa'id Mirza was born in 1424, the second son of the Timurid prince Muhammad Mirza by his wife Shah Islam. [25], Abu Sa'id was able to bring stability to the internal situation of his empire, in a region that had previously been subject to the conflicts of multiple bellicose factions. When the army reached the banks of the Araxes, the Shirvanshah Farrukh Yassar too joined in the coalition. Father, said the son, do not suffer a … This treaty remained in effect until Abul-Qasim Babur's death in 1457, when his young son and successor Mahmud was ousted from Herat by Ibrahim Mirza, a great-nephew of Ulugh Beg. His father was a son of Miran Shah , himself the third son of Timur . However, the two sides eventually agreed on a truce, establishing the Amu Darya river as a border. Consorts. Hisfeatures. He was the son of Abu Kalijar. However, the greatest of the new Timurid rulers was not one of Abu Sa'id's sons, but rather Husayn Bayqara, who reigned from his former overlord's capital of Herat. However, Abdal-Latif used this distraction to his advantage, pursuing and defeating Ulugh Beg, who he had assassinated soon after. Abu Sa’id Mirza or Mirza Abū Saʿīd Baig Mohammed Khan was an important member of the Timurid Dynasty, dynasty of the great conqueror Timur or Tamburlaine. Sultan Abu Sa'id Mirza was also the great grandson of Amir Timur. [22], Abu Sa'id's rule was also buoyed by the support of the religious classes. [28], He is generally seen as a typical representative of the Turkmen military aristocracy. In vengeance for the execution of his great-grandmother Gawhar Shad twelve years previously, Yadigar had Abu Sa'id executed on 8 February 1469. Over the course of two decades, he reunified much of the Timurid Empire, which had become fractured in the aftermath of the death of his great-uncle Shah Rukh. This includes Abu Sa'id's execution of Gawhar Shad, which was viewed negatively by contemporary chroniclers. Abu Sa’id and Abu Hurairah relate that the Holy Prophet said: Whatever trouble, illness, anxiety, grief, hurt or sorrow afflicts a Muslim, even the pricking of a thorn, but Allah removes in its stead some of his defaults (Bokhari and Muslim). [21], In spite of this strength, the Timurid army soon found itself in a dangerous situation before any true fighting was engaged. [3], Abu Sa'id was given a role at Ulugh Beg's court, later receiving his daughter in marriage through good service. His father was a son of Miran Shah, himself the third son of Timur. [22] However, another powerful dervish, Burhan al-Din, titled "Shaikh al-Islam", also held great power in the royal court. Qutlugh Nigar Khanum (m. 1475), daughter of Yunus Khan. The lack of food, winter clothing, riding and transport animals as well as continual surprise raids by the Aq Qoyunlu undermined the morale of Abu Sa'id's troops. 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