Francis Poulenc was born on the 7th of January, 1899. Published: 1945 (age 45-46) Revised: 1939 (age 39-40) Dedication: à Georges Salles. He composed music in many different forms: song, chamber music, oratorio, opera, ballet music and orchestral music. Some writers consider Poulenc one of the first openly gay composers. Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc was born on 7 January 1899 in Paris. He made his debut at the age of 18 and became independently wealthy and famous by the time he was in his mid-20s. While his earlier works were all light-hearted, from 1931 onwards, one could see a shift in his style. In 1934 Poulenc appeared as piano accompanist to the baritone Pierre Bernac in the first of many recitals over several years, an experience that deepened his understanding of the song as an art form. In the postwar period, his military duties became lighter, giving him enough time to compose music. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Francis Poulenc (7 January 1899 in Paris – 30 January 1963 in Paris) was a French composer. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. At 14, after hearing Eduard Risler play the ‘Idylle’ from Chabrier’s ‘Dix Pièces pittoresques’, Poulenc decided to take up composing as his profession. Francis Poulenc's measurements, clothes & shoes size is being updated soon or you can click edit button to update Francis Poulenc's height and other parameters. He served as a typist for the air force before he was released in January 1921. He not only converted poems by Aragon and Éluard into music, but also used tunes from anti German songs like ‘Vous n'aurez pas l'Alsace et la Lorraine’ in his own compositions. Poulenc started writing ‘Concert champêtre’ in 1927 at the request of harpsichordist Wanda Landowska, whom he knew since 1923. He went on his first tour to the USA in 1948 and continued returning to that country until 1961. ‘Les Six’ was formally launched in January 1920. On the same evening, he reached the sanctuary of Rocamadour and started writing ‘Litanies à la Vierge noire’, a sacred music for a three-part choir of women with organ accompaniment. Updates? Émile was also passionate about art and music. It is believed that ‘Déploration’, the last movement of ‘Oboe Sonata’, is the last piece he wrote before his death. Poulenc went on his first tour to Great Britain with Bernac in 1938. He was famous for being a Composer. He wrote “Le bestiaire, ou Le cortège d’Orphée” in 1917 as a cycle of melodies based on poems by Guillaume Apollinaire. January’s composer of the month is Francois Poulenc. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The relation between them was rather complex, with paternal feelings being part of the equation. Although Francis Poulenc had been writing music since the age of 15, he made his debut in 1917 with ‘Rapsodie Nègre’ for flute, clarinet, string quartet, baritone and piano. His first compositions—Rapsodie Nègre (1917), Trois Mouvements Perpétuels, for piano, and Sonata for Piano Duet (1918) and his settings of Guillaume Apollinaire’s poem Le Bestiaire and Jean Cocteau’s Cocardes (1919)—were witty pieces with streaks of impudent parody. Satie formed the ‘Group of Six’ or ‘Les Six’ in 1919. Francis Poulenc (Composer) Born: January 7, 1899 - Paris, France. He died at the age of 63, leaving a rich legacy behind him. He participated in the French resistance movement during World War II. While writing both vocal and instrumental music, he reached another landmark in his career when his ‘Sonata for clarinet and bassoon’ became one of the first musical pieces to be broadcast on television in 1932. Died: January 30, 1963 - Paris, France. Jenny Poulenc, Francis’s mother, who sang and played the piano, arranged for him to have piano lessons when he was five. Who Is The Greatest Female Warrior In History? After he came out of his battle against depression, he began to write music once again. The work is based on the play of the same name by Jean Cocteau, who, along with French soprano Denise Duval, worked closely with Poulenc in preparation for the opera's premiere. Why does Francis Poulenc come, for many, so far down the roll of honour of 20th-century French composers, below Debussy, below Ravel, below Messiaen, perhaps even below Fauré and Boulez? Written for double mixed choir of 12 voices, its English version was premiered in London in 1945, before being performed in French in Brussels in 1946 and Paris in 1947. His ballet Les Biches (English title The Houseparty) was produced by Serge Diaghilev in 1924. Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc (1899–1963) French composer & pianist. In 1918, while stationed at Saint-Martin-sur-le-Pré, he composed ‘Trois Mouvements Perpétuels’ and ‘Sonata for Piano Duet’, using the piano of a local elementary school. His opera Les dialogues des Carmélites (1953–56, libretto by Georges Bernanos) is considered one of the finest operas of the 20th century. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Based on a verse entitled ‘Les Poésies de Makoko Kangourou’, his work was an immediate success on its premier night on 11 December 1917. He wrote "Le bestiaire, ou Le cortège d'Orphée" in 1917 as a cycle of melodies based on poems by Guillaume Apollinaire. In the CD companion booklet to The Complete Songs as published by Hyperion, Graham Johnson provides a detailed study of One of his major works was ‘Aubade’, a choreographic concerto for piano and 18 instruments. His mother, an amateur pianist, taught him to play, and music formed a part of family life. Concert champetre, FP 49 Thereafter, Viñes became his spiritual mentor. Francis Poulenc was born to a well-to-do family in Paris on January 7, 1899. In 1937, he wrote his first major liturgical work ‘Mass in G major for soprano and mixed choir a cappella’. Francis Jean Marcel Poulenc was a noted French composer and pianist who was known for his mélodies, operas, choral pieces, piano works and ballets. It was based on a play written by Guillaume Apollinaire and was premiered in Paris on 3 June 1947. However, his style changed remarkably. Inheriting artistic and musical inclinations from his parents, he started learning music at the age of five and decided to become a composer when he turned 14. This was also the period when he discovered his sexual orientation, which might have been a cause of confusion and depression for him. Francis Poulenc was born in Paris to a family that was artistic, musical, and affluent. His father Émile Poulenc was a Roman Catholic from Espalion. His music is easy to enjoy at first hearing: it is much simpler than the music of many other … As per our current Database, Francis Poulenc has been died on Jan 30, 1963 ( age 64). Poulenc was largely self-taught. During this period, he also proposed marriage to his friend Raymonde Linossier, who rejected it as she was seeing someone else. The duo remained close friends until Poulenc’s death. In 1930, Francis Poulenc returned to writing music. In her memory, he wrote 'Épitaphe', which according to pianist Graham Johnson was "a profound song in every sense”. In 1914, while continuing his studies at Lycée Condorcet, Poulenc began to take piano lessons from Ricardo Viñes, studying under him until 1918. He discovered his sexual orientation, which might have been a cause of confusion and for! Published: 1945 ( age 64 ) Tall is francis Poulenc: a Catalogue ( 1995 by... Information from Encyclopaedia Britannica mandarin ’ for solo piano, chamber, oratorio, opera, music. 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